January 2010: extremes and monthly summary

By: Dr. Jeff Masters , 02:33 PM GMT del 19 Febbraio 2010

Share this Blog
3
+

The globe recorded its fourth warmest January since record keeping began in 1880, according to NOAA's National Climatic Data Center. NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies rated January 2010 as the 2nd warmest January on record, behind January 2007. January 2010 global ocean temperatures were the 2nd warmest on record, next to 1998. Land temperatures in the Southern Hemisphere were the warmest on record, but in the Northern Hemisphere, they were the 18th warmest. The relatively cool Northern Hemisphere land temperatures may have been due to the well-above average amount of snow on the ground--January 2010 snow cover in the Northern Hemisphere was the 6th highest in the past 44 years. Global satellite-measured temperatures for the lowest 8 km of the atmosphere were the warmest on record in January, according to both the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH) and RSS data sets. This was the second time in the past three months that the UAH data set has shown a record high global atmospheric temperature.


Figure 1. Departure of surface temperature from average for January 2010. Image credit: National Climatic Data Center.

A few notable global weather highlights from January 2010:

According to the United Kingdom's Met Office, the U.K. as a whole had its coolest January since 1987 and the eighth coolest January since records began in 1914. Scotland had its coolest January since 1979. During the first two weeks of January, the Irish Republic experienced a spell of extreme cold weather that began in mid-December, resulting in the most extreme cold spell over Ireland since early 1963, according to the Irish Meteorological Service. Most places of the Irish Republic had its coolest January since 1985 and the coolest January since 1963 in the Dublin area.

A rare summer snowfall occurred on January 18th in the town of Bombala, New South Wales, Australia. The town received a light dusting of accumulation, marking the first summer snow in the high terrain of southeast Australia since records began in 1965. The town has an elevation of around 3,000 feet (900 meters) above sea-level. Forecasters said that snow at such low elevations is unusual at any time of year, especially summer. Six days before the snow, temperatures had hit 37°C (99°F) in Bombala.

Eleven inches (28 cm) of snow fell in Seoul, South Korea on the 3rd, marking the greatest snowfall amount for that city since records began in 1937 (Source: BBC).

Central Beijing, China received 3 inches (8 cm) of snow on the 2nd, the most for a single day since January 1951, while suburbs of the city reported 13 inches (33 cm). Over 90 percent of flights at Beijing.s International Airport were affected. On January 6th, temperatures in Beijing dropped to -16.7°C (1.9°F), the lowest minimum temperature in the first ten days of January since 1971.


Figure 2. An unusual sight: Virtually all of Britain was covered by snow on January 7, 2010. Image credit: NASA.

January 2010: near-average temperatures in the U.S.
For the contiguous U.S., the average January temperature was 0.3°F above average, making it the 55th coolest January in the 115-year record, according to the National Climatic Data Center. The U.S. has been on quite a roller coaster of temperatures over the past four months--the nation recorded its third coldest October on record, followed by its third warmest November, followed by its 14th coolest December, followed by an average January. The coolest January temperature anomalies were in Florida, which had its 10th coldest such month. The Pacific Northwest was very warm, with Oregon and Washington recording their 4th warmest January on record. Seattle experienced its warmest January since records began in 1891.


Figure 3. Ranking of temperatures by state for January 2010. Florida had its 10th coldest January on record, while Washington and Oregon had their 4th warmest. Image credit: National Climatic Data Center.

U.S. drought
Precipitation across the U.S. was near average in January. Notably, Arizona had its 5th wettest January and New Mexico its 7th wettest. The only state much drier than average was Michigan, which had its 8th driest January. At the end of January, 3% of the contiguous United States was in severe-to-exceptional drought, a decrease of 4% from the previous month. This is the lowest drought footprint for the country since detailed drought statistics began in 1999.

U.S. records
A few notable records set in the U.S. during January 2010, courtesy of the National Climatic Data Center::

All-time low pressure records were set across most of California, Arizona, Nevada, and southern Oregon on January 20 - 21. This was approximately 10 - 15% of the area of the U.S.

Arizona set its all-time 24-hour state snowfall record: 48" at Sunrise Mountain Jan. 21 - 22.

The 50.7 inches (129 cm) that fell in Flagstaff, AZ Jan. 16 - 23 was the third highest five-day total ever recorded there.

Yuma, Arizona's total of 2.44 inches of rain (62 mm) was their 2nd greatest January total ever, narrowly missing the record of 2.49 (63 mm) set in 1949. Their daily total of 1.95 (50 mm) inches on the 21st was the greatest one-day January total ever.

Near Wikieup, AZ, the Big Sandy River crested at 17.9 feet, washing away numerous roads and setting a new all-time record crest, breaking the previous record of 16.4 feet set back in March 1978.

Burlington, VT had its largest single snowstorm on record, 33.1" on Jan. 1 - 3.

Sioux City, IA tied its all-time max snow depth record (28" on Jan. 7).

Beckley, WV had its snowiest January on record (40.9"; old record 37.3" in 1996)

Bellingham, Washington tied its record highest January temperature of 65°F on January 11.

Hondo, Texas tied its record coldest January temperature of 12°F on January 9.

Cotulla la Salle, Texas tied its record coldest January temperature of 16°F on January 9.

Records were broken or tied at Daytona Beach, Orlando, Melbourne, and Vero Beach Florida for the greatest number of consecutive days in which the daily high temperature remained below 60 degrees F (15.5 C). Daytona Beach's string was twelve days.

Jackson, KY and London, KY tied their record for longest streak of consecutive days falling below 32°F (11 days). Pensacola, FL had its 2nd longest such streak (10 days), and Mobile, AL its 3rd longest (10 days).

Key West, FL had its 2nd coldest temperature ever measured, 42°F. The record is 41°F, set in 1981 and 1886.

Moderate El Niño conditions continue
Moderate El Niño conditions continue over the tropical Eastern Pacific. Ocean temperatures in the area 5°N - 5°S, 120°W - 170°W, also called the "Niña 3.4 region", were at 1.2°C above average on February 10, in the middle of the 1.0°C - 1.5°C range for a moderate El Niño, according to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. The strength of El Niño has been roughly constant for the first two weeks of February. A burst of westerly winds that developed near the Date Line in January has pushed eastwards towards South America over the past month, and this should keep the current El Niño at moderate strength well into March. All of the El Niño models forecast that El Niño has peaked and will weaken by summer. Most of the models predict that El Niño conditions will last into early summer, but cross the threshold into neutral territory by the height of hurricane season.

January sea ice extent in the Arctic 4th lowest on record
January 2010 Northern Hemisphere sea ice extent was the 4th lowest since satellite measurements began in 1979. Ice extent was lower than in 2009 and 2008, but greater than in 2005, 2006, and 2007, according to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC). The weather pattern over the Arctic in the first half of January 2010 featured a strongly negative Arctic Oscillation (AO). This pattern tends to slow the winds that typically flush large amounts of sea ice out of the Arctic between Greenland and Iceland. In this way, a negative AO could help retain some the second- and third-year ice through the winter, and potentially rebuild some of the older, multi-year ice that has been lost over the past few years. However, the ice pack is the thinnest on record for this time of year, and much above average temperatures this summer would likely cause a new record summertime sea ice loss.

Next post
My next post will be Monday or Tuesday.

Jeff Masters

Reader Comments

Comments will take a few seconds to appear.

Post Your Comments

Please sign in to post comments.

or Join

Not only will you be able to leave comments on this blog, but you'll also have the ability to upload and share your photos in our Wunder Photos section.

Display: 0, 50, 100, 200 Sort: Newest First - Order Posted

Viewing: 613 - 563

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17Blog Index

Mark your calendar for the 2010 conference
March 29-April 2 * Hilton Orlando, Orlando, Florida



Purpose of the Conference

The primary goal of the National Hurricane Conference is to improve hurricane preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation in order to save lives and property in the United States and the tropical islands of the Caribbean and Pacific. In addition, the conference serves as a national forum for federal, state and local officials to exchange ideas and recommend new policies to improve Emergency Management.

To accomplish these goals, the annual conference emphasizes:



* Lessons Learned from Hurricane Strikes.

* State of the art programs worthy of emulation.

* New ideas being tested or considered.

* Information about new or ongoing assistance programs.

* The ABC's of hurricane preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation -- in recognition of the fact that there is a continual turnover of emergency management leadership and staff.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:


AOI

AOI

AOI

AOI

Humor in Comments
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Drak,..can ya give me a McComb,Miss update as I was really impressed with ya last McComb forecast on last weeks snow storm.

Im terrible with these storms on Land.

Thanx
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Today's 12z NAM and GFS look excellent for significant accumulation in central Texas and is nudging the moisture a bit further to the north. Both models show the heavy snow axis occuring between I-20 and I-10; the NAM shows mainly 5-7 inches of snow and up to 8-10 inches of snow in eastern central Texas; and the GFS shows 5-7 inches as well but a wide swath of 8-10 inches from San Angelo to just east of Waco. Highest snow to liquid ratio could be around 12:1 Tuesday afternoon over these areas. The NAM has a sharp cut-off in the precipitation around and just north of 1-20 which is supported by the 00z CMC. The GFS manages to nudge the accumulating snow a bit further north into Dallas and Forth Worth.

Looking at the ECMWF and GFS, both models are indicating a more compact vorticity of the shortwave over central Texas which would help with the dynamic lift over the area as the shortwave moves eastward the ECMWF shows phasing with a polar coming into the Great Lakes region, while the GFS hints that potential.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
609. JRRP
Quoting pottery:
Hi Benirica.
Welcome to the "Hot Dry Club"
90 f right now here with 46% humidity.

jajajajajaja
Member Since: Posts: Comments:



Took a road trip with a Portlight member to New Iberia,La. Friday and we saw the Warehouse barge "Caroline" that will be taking rice,tents,and Medical Equipment and Water to Haiti this week.

Below,the Blue Bags are tents and shelters.





Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hi Benirica.
Welcome to the "Hot Dry Club"
90 f right now here with 46% humidity.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Bordonaro:


looks good haha
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Hey everyone! Good morning to all!
It's been a while since I've been around here.
Just wanted to say, it's incredible how hot and dry it has been in Puerto Rico!!
January was the rainiest in a long time (but we got all that rain in a 2 - 4 day period) and now February has panned out to be one of the driest ever. Apart from being so dry it is also very hot. We hit 90 last week, something that on average shouldn't happen until mid March (usually around March 18).
It FINALLY rained yesterday and a bit today.
Could this be a sign of this year's hurricane season?
I guess it can mean the ocean is hotter, but this dry spell also means the air is dry, which doesn't help tropical systems.
Any thoughts?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
good morning everyone

how are you guys doing
what are the models are saying
what is the latest view on this Atlantic hurricane season and
we need more rain I feel like a fish out of water
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Agosto 25, 2009 Posts: 20 Comments: 6785
602. IKE
Quoting leftovers:
be careful with mulch around the home. supposing alot of it comes from katrina leftovers a fellow nurse picked up a terrible infection after working with it


Thanks...I wear gloves when I'm picking up leaves.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Small earthquake shakes Goulburn, NSW, Australia

* From: AAP

A SMALL earthquake has gently shaken the NSW town of Goulburn.

The 3.0 magnitude quake occurred at 0550 AEDT on Sunday, with its epicentre 10km west-northwest of the southern NSW town.

No damage was reported but the tremor was felt within a 30km radius, Australian Seismological Centre director Kevin McCue said.

"It was felt throughout Goulburn and it sounded like an explosion," he told AAP.

"It's a bit small to do any damage."

There was a 67 per cent probability of another small earthquake striking the townships of Gunning and Dalton, west of Goulburn, he added.

"You have a reasonable chance of having one in that spot," Mr McCue said.

A 4.0 magnitude quake occurred in the area, on average, about once every two decades.

An earthquake like that last occurred in 1984.

A 5.5 magnitude earthquake shook Gunning and Dalton in 1949, breaking windows but causing no injuries.

A major fault line runs under Lake George, near Canberra.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
599. IKE
Quoting leftovers:
good morning hard to sleep in when there weather out there. 57f e cent florida


It was a beautiful day here in the panhandle yesterday. I contributed to GW by burning leaves for 3 1/2 hours.

High yesterday was 69.6 at a PWS about 6 miles from me.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
597. IKE
Three weeks from today starts daylight savings time. My average high and low for today is...70/50.

Warm front heading north....

Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting StormW:


Yikes...Looks like the ECMWF wants to warm up the Gulf to back above normal levels between now and May. If that's correct we should see winter abruptly end sometime in the next few weeks. Keep in mind that is only May, I can't imagine what that map will look like by July rolls around.

Also... Notice the Neutral ENSO.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
592. StormW 5:04 AM GMT on February 21, 2010

Ouch...I guess the European thinks the GOM and SW Atlantic will catch up fast from their current deficit of 2C below normal.

Member Since: novembre 24, 2005 Posts: 635 Comments: 26652
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
A major snowstorm is poised to bury the eastern seaboard from Atlanta to Bangor late this week(it appears)!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
589. xcool
99 days 2010 season
Member Since: Settembre 26, 2009 Posts: 2 Comments: 15684
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Has the number of eartquakes gotten more frequent to any of ya'll?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Drakoen:
00z GFS looks good in terms of QPF heavy snow axis setting up between I-20 and 1-10.

I hope it's not this far south in ms,today was nice and warm,watched hs baseball game.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
00z GFS looks good in terms of QPF heavy snow axis setting up between I-20 and 1-10.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pottery:
Yes. Looks to be neutral. And with all other factors (SST, etc etc), we likely will not see a lot of shearing going on this year. So plenty potential there in the Atl. As of now.
,

Goody goody just what we need.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Yes. Looks to be neutral. And with all other factors (SST, etc etc), we likely will not see a lot of shearing going on this year. So plenty potential there in the Atl. As of now.
,
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting wunderkidcayman:
hey guys you know anything about this

Link


I've tracked a few of those. They're so cool when they happen. It's too bad that ocean doesn't really have a hurricane season. I think that would rock :)
Member Since: novembre 24, 2005 Posts: 635 Comments: 26652
Quoting Levi32:


Wow I just looked at it....that's disgusting.


Almost wish I didn't look at it lol
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
hey guys you know anything about this

Link
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
579. JRRP
Quoting pottery:
OK thanks. And I found the graph that JR posted this morning on the Nino/Nina/Neutral.
Looks a little ominous to me!

you meant this??
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting Drakoen:
The latest NAM 00z looks dreadful for any type of significant snowfall accumulations in Texas. It has the shortwave energy stuck over the 4 corners region as the precipitation advects eastward. Also the vorticity shears out to the ENE.


Wow I just looked at it....that's disgusting.
Member Since: novembre 24, 2005 Posts: 635 Comments: 26652
The latest NAM 00z looks dreadful for any type of significant snowfall accumulations in Texas. It has the shortwave energy stuck over the 4 corners region as the precipitation advects eastward. Also the vorticity shears out to the ENE.
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pottery:
You gonna have to move further south, Oss!


I emailed Castro on renting the other side of his Duplex... I can't afford it,,, the monthly fee's are horrendous. J/K :)
Member Since: Giugno 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
You gonna have to move further south, Oss!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Yeah JR, I did not realise you were short of rain as well, for the last season.
Fires are already burning here, and we have in place water restrictions already.
The good news is, that the Authorities have decided it is time to fix leaks in the pipes, and now that we have no water we have fewer leaks. Strange stuff...

(it is stated by the Water Authority that we lose 60% of our water through leaking distribution networks. And this statement was made without any feeling of guilt or blame at all....)
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
OK thanks. And I found the graph that JR posted this morning on the Nino/Nina/Neutral.
Looks a little ominous to me!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Us (not quite as much as you islanders - :))thin bloods here in Fla., probably will not complain about the heat of Summer for a long time. It has been cold, and pretty much dry, and brown, scary brown for fire hazards moving forward.. As I type in my garage, I shiver. This is not what I was sold on for moving here 25 years ago. LoL



Member Since: Giugno 12, 2005 Posts: 6 Comments: 8186
Quoting pottery:
Levi, what is the latest forecast for June/July/Aug, Nino?Nina?Neutral?


I think it will be right around neutral, and the models do agree. I don't see a strong nina coming on this hurricane season, but El Nino is definitely falling off its peak and we should be in neutral territory for most or all of the hurricane season.



Member Since: novembre 24, 2005 Posts: 635 Comments: 26652
570. JRRP
Quoting pottery:
JR, I thought that you had some heavy rains a week or so ago? I know that Haiti had some

yeah but even so.. is below average
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pottery:
Good Grief, Levi. I have to put up with this for a DECADE?
By then, I may be too old to notice or care!
I think I'll move to Central Indiana. Sounds good to me there!


Lol, we're already coming down off the warm cycle of the PDO. 10 years from now we'll be well into the middle of the cold cycle. I just mean that between now and then will be a transitioning period. We're really already almost there so it won't be long.

Member Since: novembre 24, 2005 Posts: 635 Comments: 26652
Levi, what is the latest forecast for June/July/Aug, Nino?Nina?Neutral?
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Good Grief, Levi. I have to put up with this for a DECADE?
By then, I may be too old to notice or care!
I think I'll move to Central Indiana. Sounds good to me there!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
JR, I thought that you had some heavy rains a week or so ago? I know that Haiti had some
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
Quoting pottery:
LOL Aussie. Me too! Just a little at a time would be fine. Actually, some tonight would be Fantastic. Cisterns are already at half empty! Last rainy season they overflowed twice. Usually, they overflow many times.
It's all Al Gore's fault. Apparently.


Nah....that's just exactly what a Warm PDO does to your part of the world. You'll see that gradually reverse over the next decade. It's not a surprise you're exceptionally dry this year considering we are coming off the 2nd most powerful El Nino (impact-wise) observed, with the 1998 El Nino being 1st.
Member Since: novembre 24, 2005 Posts: 635 Comments: 26652
Definately looking at all rain around here until Monday Evening For Central Indiana

VIDEO

Looking at longer range, the shear signs of Early Spring are showing up! Let the madness begin!
Member Since: Posts: Comments:
563. JRRP
Quoting pottery:
Post 553, Interesting comparisons there JRRP.
In 2009 it rained until mid-March here (Trinidad), this year has been exceedingly dry and windy. No rain to speak of, since mid-December.
Dec. and Nov. rainfall were 1/3 of average (10 yr av.) at my location.
Venezuela is experiencing the worst water situation in over 100 years, according to the Gov. there.


here in Dom.Rep is very dry as well
Member Since: Posts: Comments:

Viewing: 613 - 563

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17Blog Index

Top of Page

About

Jeff co-founded the Weather Underground in 1995 while working on his Ph.D. He flew with the NOAA Hurricane Hunters from 1986-1990.